Tea ceremony is a one of Japan's traditional culture, and it is connected with various fields of art and a highly developed spiritual culture has matured through a bowl of tea.
In the 12th century, the original form of drinking powdered green tea was bought to Japan from China. In the 16th century, Sen Rikyu established the foundations of the tea.
It is also connected with various fields of art, including calligraphy, scroll mounting, flowers, ceramics, metal and iron work, bamboo and wood work, lacquer ware, architecture, gardening, cooking, textiles. We might say that Chado is Japanese culture in condensed form.
Chado in Japanese is translated as the way of tea in English. The way of tea is also deeply influenced by Zen Buddhism thought. The spiritual aspect is important.
The basic principles of Chado are expressed in Japanese "Wa, Kei, Sei, Jaku"
Wa means harmony, Kei means respect, Sei means purity, Jaku means tranquility.
By learning these spirits, we seek to obtain peace of mind.
A temae in Japanese is a series of precise procedures followed to make a bowl of powdered green tea, serve it to a guest, and then to put the things away. It is one reason why the way of tea is recognized as a form of art. It is important to achieve gracefulness in the series of movements and one's posture in all process.
However the temae is not merely a procedure for making and serving tea. Through the manners and movements of the temae, the practitioner deeply realizes the meaning of pursuing spiritual insight and deepening appreciation of art through the Chado.
Tea ceremony is not only about drinking tea. The heart of tea is also important. Through a bowl of tea, we do everything we can for the guest. The heart of tea is the heart of hospitality.